Deployment Panel 4
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About Our Deployment Panel 4
This military deployment test panel includes common tests typically needed prior to primary military deployment for those under 40 years of age:
- ABO Grouping and Rho(D) Blood Typing
- Complete Blood Count (CBC) With Differential
- Comprehensive Metabolic Panel (CMP)
- G6PD (Glucose 6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase), Quantitative, Blood and Red Blood Cell Count (RBC)
- Hemoglobin (Hb) A1c With eAG
- Human Immunodeficiency Virus 1/O/2 (HIV-1/O/2) Antibodies, Preliminary Test With Confirmation
- Urinalysis, Complete With Microscopic Examination
- Varicella Zoster Virus Antibodies, IgG (Chicken Pox)
The Blood Type Test is performed to determine a person's blood type representing markers (called antigens) on the surface of red blood cells. This test will tell indicate if you're A, B, AB or O, and whether that blood type is positive or negative.
There are many types of blood, even though they are made of the same elements. There are eight different common blood types. These eight types are determined by the presence or absence of certain antigens. Antigens can trigger responses from the immune system to foreign substances in the body, including transfused blood in a patient.
The Complete Blood Count (CBC) with differential and platelets test helps to give an overall view of general health and screens for a broad scope of diseases and conditions. This test is used in many instances, from routine health testing to following up with cancer patients after chemotherapy to see how blood cells were affected. The CBC with Differential also is frequently used to examine blood in cases of anemia, certain cancers like Leukemia, hemophilia and blood disorders.
This test includes testing for 10 kinds of cells and cell molecules in the blood.
- Hematocrit - The amount of red blood cells in the blood.
- Hemoglobin - A protein that transports oxygen or carbon dioxide in the blood.
- Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV) - Measures the average volume of red blood cells in the blood.
- Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin (MCH) - The amount of hemoglobin per red blood cell.
- Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration (MCHC) - The amount of hemoglobin concentrated in a given volume of red blood cells.
- Red Cell Distribution Width (RDW) - Measures the difference of red blood cell size or volume in blood sample.
- Percentage and Absolute Differential Counts - Measures the amounts of different white blood cell types within the blood.
- Platelet Count - Measures the amount of platelets (fragments and particles of cells) in the blood that are crucial for blood clotting.
- Red Blood Cell Count (RBC) - Measures the amounts of red blood cells in the blood. Red blood cells transport oxygen throughout the body.
- White Blood Cell Count (WBC) - Measures the amount of white blood cells in the blood. White blood cells defend the body against infections and foreign bodies.
The CMP blood test measures levels of:
- Albumin - Albumin is a protein made by the liver. Measuring levels of albumin is helpful in diagnosing liver disease. An albumin test measures how well your liver is making the proteins that your body needs.
- Albumin/Globulin Ratio (calculated) - The A/G ratio is calculated from measured total protein, measured albumin, and calculated globulin (total protein - albumin) to help diagnose diseases.
- Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) - ALT is an enzyme found predominantly in the cells of the liver. When the liver is damaged, ALT.
- Alkaline Phosphatase - In conditions affecting the liver, damaged liver cells release increased amounts of ALP into the blood.
- Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) - AST is a liver enzyme that is useful in helping to diagnose liver diseases.
- Blood urea nitrogen (BUN) - Urea nitrogen is a byproduct from the breakdown of food proteins. A normal BUN level is between 7 and 20. As kidney function decreases, the BUN level rises.
- BUN/Creatinine Ratio (calculated) - The ratio of BUN to creatinine (BUN:creatinine) is usually between 10:1 and 20:1. An increased ratio may be due to a condition that causes a decrease in the flow of blood to the kidneys.
- Calcium - Measuring urine calcium can help determine whether the kidneys are excreting the proper amount of calcium and can also help diagnose kidney stones.
- Carbon dioxide (Bicarbonate) - Your kidneys and lungs balance the levels of carbon dioxide, bicarbonate, and carbonic acid in the blood. Carbon dioxide levels can be used to help diagnose kidney disease.
- Chloride - Chloride is an electrolyte. An increased level of blood chloride may indicate kidney disease.
- Creatinine with estimated GFR - A waste product that comes from the normal wear and tear on muscles of the body. This test is a measure of how well the kidneys are removing wastes and excess fluid from the blood. The normal value for GFR is 90 or above, but may decrease with age. A GFR below 60 is a sign that the kidneys are not working properly. A GFR below 15 indicates kidney failure.
- Globulin (calculated) - Globulin is a protein made in your liver and helps the immune system fight infections. Low globulin levels can be a sign of liver damage or other conditions.
- Glucose - Levels of glucose in the urine indicate glycosuria. Renal glycosuria occurs when the renal tubules fail to reabsorb all glucose at a level that is normal.
- Potassium - Potassium is an electrolyte. Kidney disease is the most common cause of high blood potassium.
- Sodium - Sodium is an electrolyte. Abnormal levels of sodium help to determine if the kidneys are properly removing sodium from the body.
- Total bilirubin - This test measure direct and indirect levels of bilirubin for a total bilirubin value. In cases of excess bilirubin, an obstruction, or an inflamed liver, the liver cannot process the bilirubin in the body because. When the body has too much bilirubin, your skin and the whites of your eyes will start to yellow causing a condition called jaundice.
- Total protein - Total protein measurements can help diagnose liver diseases. Total Protein measures the amount of protein in your blood. The two main proteins found in the blood are globulins and albumin.
- Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) - ALT is an enzyme found predominantly in the cells of the liver. When the liver is damaged, ALT levels are significantly elevated.
This blood test is used to determine G6PD (glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase) deficiency.
Glucose 6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase (G6PD or G-6-PD) is an enzyme that helps red blood cells function properly. G6PD deficiency is hereditary and occurs when red blood cells break down (a condition called hemolysis) as a response to specific drugs or the stress caused by an infection. G6PD is the most common enzyme deficiency in the world. Older individuals are subject to hemolytic anemia that can be induced by some foods, drugs and infections.
No signs or symptoms of this disorder are displayed until red blood cells are exposed to certain chemicals, foods, medicines or stress.
Triggers of G6PD include:
- Chemicals in mothballs
- Foods like fava beans
- Sulfa drugs
- Antimalarial drugs
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
The Hemoglobin A1c (glycohemoglobin or glycated hemoglobin) test evaluates the average amount of glucose in the blood over the past 8-12 weeks.
The glycated hemoglobin (A1c) blood test measures how thick the coat of glucose is that is bound to the blood's hemoglobin. When the two bind, the hemoglobin gets a coat of sugar around it. The coat thickens as the amount of glucose in the blood increases. The hemoglobin A1c test measure for HbA1c, a subtype of hemoglobin, specifically.
The hemoglobin A1c test measures how well diabetes is being controlled. This test is used primarily to monitor diabetes and its treatment. It measures the average plasma glucose concentration over lengths of time.
The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is an incurable sexually transmitted disease (STD) that attacks immune cells in the body.
The 4th generation HIV test is an antigen/antibody test. This blood test is acknowledged to detect acute HIV infection 4 to 12 days earlier than third-generation assays; the average window period (incubation period) for HIV antibodies is 25 days to two months, but can take up to three months-- This is how long you should wait after being potentially being exposed to HIV to get tested for it with this test. If you get tested before this time has elapsed, it is recommended that you test again to confirm your results once the incubation period has passed. Coupled with supplemental cascade and clinical information, this test can help decrease the spread of HIV infection.
The 4th generation test detects HIV antibodies as well as P24 antigens, while the 3rd generation test detects only HIV antibodies. HIV P24 antigens are viral proteins that make up most of the core of the virus. Blood serum concentrations of P24 antigens are high in the first few weeks after infection; therefore tests sensitive to P24 antigens are useful for diagnosing very early HIV infections when antibody levels are still low.
Our Urinalysis with macro and microscopic examination is a 12-panel test that examines a urine sample and analyzes numerous levels and elements within the urine including:
- The urine sample's color
- Specific gravity
- Protein levels
- Occult blood
- Leukocyte esterase
A urinalysis is important in accessing the chemical constituents in the urine and the relationship to various disease states. Microscopic examination helps to detect the presence of abnormal urine cells and formed elements. A urinalysis can detect abnormalities of urine; help diagnose and manage renal diseases, urinary tract infection, urinary tract neoplasms, systemic diseases, and inflammatory or neoplastic diseases adjacent to the urinary tract.
The Varicella zoster virus (VZV) is a herpes virus that causes both chickenpox and shingles. This IgG blood test is used to determine whether or not an individual has been vaccinated for the VZV.
Chickenpox (varicella) is characterized by itchy blisters that form a rash. The chickenpox infection leads to immunity from varicella in the future, but the virus remains latent within certain nerves cells in the body and can reactivate later as shingles.
Shingles (herpes zoster) produces a very painful rash in older adults or individuals with compromised immune systems.
VZV can spread to fetuses and result in congenital heart disease of the infant.
Fasting is required for the blood glucose test that is included in the CMP. Fasting is defined as no consumption of food or beverages other than water for at least 8 hours before testing.