Basic Metabolic Panel (BMP)
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About Our Basic Metabolic Panel (BMP)
The Basic Metabolic Panel (BMP) measures the blood's glucose levels, electrolyte and fluid balance, and overall kidney function. This blood test is frequently ordered by doctors and physicians to not only check the aforementioned levels, but to also get important information about the body's metabolism and kidney health.
Our BMP assesses levels of the following:
- BUN/Creatinine Ratio (calculated) - The ratio of BUN to creatinine (BUN:creatinine) is usually between 10:1 and 20:1. An increased ratio may be due to a condition that causes a decrease in the flow of blood to the kidneys.
- Calcium - Measuring urine calcium can help determine whether the kidneys are excreting the proper amount of calcium and can also help diagnose kidney stones.
- Carbon Dioxide - Your kidneys and lungs balance the levels of carbon dioxide, bicarbonate, and carbonic acid in the blood. Carbon dioxide levels can be used to help diagnose kidney disease.
- Chloride - Chloride is an electrolyte. An increased level of blood chloride may indicate kidney disease.
- Creatinine with estimated GFR - A waste product that comes from the normal wear and tear on muscles of the body. This test is a measure of how well the kidneys are removing wastes and excess fluid from the blood. The normal value for GFR is 90 or above, but may decrease with age. A GFR below 60 is a sign that the kidneys are not working properly. A GFR below 15 indicates kidney failure.
- Glucose - Levels of glucose in the urine indicate glycosuria. Renal glycosuria occurs when the renal tubules fail to reabsorb all glucose at a level that is normal.
- Potassium - Potassium is an electrolyte. Kidney disease is the most common cause of high blood potassium.
- Sodium - Sodium is an electrolyte. Abnormal levels of sodium help to determine if the kidneys are properly removing sodium from the body.
- Urea Nitrogen (BUN) - Urea nitrogen is a byproduct from the breakdown of food proteins. A normal BUN level is between 7 and 20. As kidney function decreases, the BUN level rises.
Fasting is required for the blood glucose test. Fasting is defined as no consumption of food or beverages other than water for at least 8 hours before testing.