HTLV-I/II Antibody, with Reflex to Confirmatory Assay
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About Our HTLV-I/II Antibody, with Reflex to Confirmatory Assay
Note: Fasting is not required for this test.
The HTLV-I/II Antibody test detects antibodies to the Human T-Cell Lymphotropic Virus (HTLV), a retrovirus, and differentiates between the two types of HTLV. The presence of antibodies to HTLV-I or HTLV-II indicates that a person is infected with the Human T-Cell Lymphotropic Virus.
HTLV infects white blood cells, a major part of the immune system. An HTLV infection can cause a many health conditions including Leukemia, Lymphoma, and various nervous system disorders.
According to the CDC, transmission of HTLV-I occurs:
- From mother to child during childbirth
- Sexual contact
- Blood transfusion
- Sharing contaminated needles
Our HTLV testing is often ordered to help identify or rule out HTLV as the cause of conditions such as Leukemia, Lymphoma, or nervous system disorders.
Human T-Cell Lymphotropic Virus Type 1 and Type 2 were the first human retroviruses discovered. HTLV Type 1 and Type 2 are distantly related to HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus), but HTLV is not HIV, and HTLV does not cause AIDS.