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Thyroid Panel

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About Our Thyroid Panel

Note: Fasting is not required for this test.

Our Thyroid Test Panel is an important panel of blood tests that evaluate how the thyroid is functioning. It is also used to help diagnose hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism (having an over-active or under-active thyroid).

The thyroid is an endocrine gland that not only controls metabolism, but also secrete hormones that are necessary for growth, development and nearly every physiological process in the body. It is no wonder that you want to check up on your thyroid when you feel imbalanced.

Our Thyroid Test Panel includes measuring the following three thyroid levels:

  • T3 uptake (Triiodothyronine) - T3 is the active form of T4. This hormone informs cells to use digested food as energy, rather than store it as fat.
  • T4 (Total Thyroxine) - A total T4 test measures the T4 that has bonded to protein and the free (unbonded) T4 in the blood.
  • T7 (Free Thyroxine Index) - This measurement is a calculation of T4 and T3 uptake.

To view our Thyroid Test Panel with TSH (Thyroid Stimulating Hormone), click here.

Common Questions:

What all does our Thyroid Test Panel measure?

T3 uptake (T3u) -Triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4) are two of the most common hormones released by the thyroid. They exist in two forms: Either attached to a carrier protein or not. This carrier protein is known as thyroxine-binding globulin (TBG), which like the name implies, is a protein that transports the hormone throughout the body. Only the T3 and T4 hormones that are not bound to TBG, or “free” hormones, affect the body’s processes.

The purpose of taking the T3 resin uptake test is to help estimate the amount of TBG in the blood, and how much of the T3 and T4 in the body is free from the carrier proteins. A high T3u means thyroxine binding proteins are more saturated than normal. Measuring T3u does little good alone; it needs to be combined with the results of a total T4 test to get Free Thyroid Index (T7).

Total T4 -The T4 Total Thyroxine test determines the total amount of thyroxine (T4) in the blood. Both the thyroxine bounded to thyroxine-binding globulin (TBG) and the free thyroxine are accounted for in this test. 

T7 (Free T4 or Free Thyroid Index) - When T4 is bound to protein, it prohibits it from entering the various tissues that need the hormone. Free T4 is the version of T4 that can get to the tissues it needs to get to. This test measures the amount of free T4 in the blood. It’s measured by combining the T3u and the T4. The free T4 is the most accurate measure of how well the thyroid is working.


How Does the Thyroid Gland Work?

It’s important for your thyroid gland to be working properly because it’s responsible for regulating many of the body’s processes. Glands are small organs that produce things like sweat, tears, or in this case, hormones.

Located in the front of the throat, the thyroid plays an enormous role in your overall health by controlling metabolism, heart and digestive functions, muscle control, brain development and the maintenance of bones. All of this is largely managed with the two hormones produced by the thyroid: Triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4).

It’s very important that your T3 and T4 levels are maintained at a specific range in order to function properly, which is exactly the job of the pituitary gland. Whenever the pituitary gland sees T4 levels fall too low in the bloodstream, it releases a thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), which tells the thyroid to produce more T4.


Medically Reviewed by

2019-05-18 - Written by HealthLabs Editorial Team.


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