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Zinc, Urine Test

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About Our Zinc, Urine Test

Note: Fasting is not required for this test.

Zinc plays an important role in a wide spectrum of aspects including, metabolism on the cellular level, the immune system, wound and/or burn healing, and DNA and protein synthesis. This mineral is also believed to exhibit antioxidant properties that protect against aging.

Zinc is an essential element involved in a variety of enzyme systems including wound healing, immune function and fetal development. Zinc measurements are used to detect and monitor industrial, dietary, and accidental exposure to zinc. Also, Zinc measurements may be used to evaluate health and monitor response to treatment.

This urine test is used to monitor exposure to zinc, evaluate suspected nutritional inadequacy, cases of diabetes or delayed wound healing; growth retardation; or to follow therapies like oral zinc therapy used in Wilson's disease.


Common items that may cause zinc toxicity include:

  • Cleaner and solvents
  • Rust removing agents
  • Paints and varnishes

High zinc levels can result in symptoms like:

  • Chest pain
  • Nausea and severe abdominal pain
  • Seizures
  • Dizziness
  • Vomiting
  • Coughing and respiratory tract irritation
  • Fatigue/Lethargy
  • Muscle pain
  • Nausea
  • Fever
  • Headache

Deficient zinc levels can lead to:

  • Delay in growth
  • Impaired wound healing
  • Skin lesions/Dry, scaling skin
  • Altered senses of sight, smell and taste
  • Impaired immune system
  • Hair loss/Alopecia
  • Diarrhea
  • Impaired testosterone production
  • Seizures
  • Heart arrhythmia
  • Diarrhea

Major dietary zinc sources include:

  • Shellfish, especially oysters
  • Beef and pork
  • Poultry
  • Legumes
  • Dairy products
  • Almonds and cashews

Zinc deficiency can be more prevalent in people who:

  • Are gastrointestinal surgery patients
  • Have gastrointestinal disorders like celiac or Crohn's disease
  • Have Wilson's disease
  • Are diabetic
  • Are vegan or vegetarian
  • Have sickle cell anemia
  • Individuals who have been exposed to mercury
  • Have chronic liver or kidney disease

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