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HIV RNA Test Popular

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About Our HIV RNA Test

Note: Fasting is not required for this test.

The HIV RNA test is used for early detection of HIV. Standard HIV tests measure the levels of the antibodies that fight HIV, whereas RNA-based tests detect the virus itself in the blood. Typically, 1 to 3 weeks after the initial infection, there is enough viral material to yield a positive result.

The recommended minimum window period for this HIV RNA test is:

  • HIV RNA Test - 9-11 days post potential exposure.

The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is an incurable sexually transmitted disease (STD) that attacks immune cells in the body.

HIV typically starts out with flu-like symptoms, they may be mild initially, but the amount of virus in the blood at this time is high, making it easier to spread. 

Common HIV symptoms include:

  • Sore throat
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Chills
  • Night sweats
  • Joint pain
  • Diarrhea
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Rash
  • Muscle aches/pains
  • Ulcers on genitals or in mouth

Chronic symptoms of HIV are:

  • Fever
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Fatigue
  • Diarrhea
  • Coughing
  • Weight loss
  • Shortness of breath

Without treatment, HIV eventually (often over approximately 10 years) progresses to Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS).
AIDS symptoms include:

  • Weight loss
  • Skin rashes/bumps
  • Headaches
  • Coughing
  • Chronic diarrhea
  • Shortness of breath
  • Severe chills
  • Fever higher than 100 F for weeks
  • Lethargy/Fatigue
  • White spots/abnormal lesions on tongue and inside mouth
  • Distorted or blurred vision

Medically Reviewed by

2019-03-06 - Written by HealthLabs Editorial Team.

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