Bacterial Infection STD Panel
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About Our Bacterial Infection STD Panel
Note: Fasting is not required for this test.
This 4-test STD test panel uses a blood and urine sample to detect the following three bacterial sexually transmitted diseases (STDs):
As well as one common infection caused by parasitic protozoans:
The recommended minimum window period for these STDs using our test methods are as follows:
- Chlamydia Test - 1-5 days post potential exposure.
- Gonorrhea Test - 2-6 days post potential exposure.
- Syphilis Test - 3-6 weeks post potential exposure.
- Trichomoniasis Test - 3-7 days post potential exposure.
Chlamydia is a common bacterial STD that is caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis. Chlamydia is often asymptomatic-- as many as 95% of women and 90% of men do not have symptoms, which is part of why it is so easily spread. Mothers can pass the infection on to their babies during childbirth, which can cause eye infections and blindness or pneumonia in the baby.
Untreated chlamydia can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease in women which can cause infertility and ectopic pregnancy. In men, untreated chlamydia can cause a condition called nongonococcal urethritis (NGU) in the urethra.
Symptoms of chlamydia include:
- Painful urination
- Itching and burning in/around the vagina or penis
- Bleeding between periods/painful periods
- Women may experience pain during intercourse
- Small amounts of clear/cloudy discharge from the penis
- Abnormal vaginal discharge (may have an odor)
- Premature childbirth
Gonorrhea is an STD that is caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae. This contagious disease is also known as the "clap" or "drip" and is spread by contact with infected bodily fluids. Mothers can pass the infection on to their babies during childbirth.
Untreated gonorrhea can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease in women which can cause ectopic pregnancy or infertility. In men, untreated gonorrhea can cause urethral scarring and epididymitis, a painful testicular condition that can affect fertility. If gonorrhea spreads to the joints or blood, it can be deadly.
Sometimes mild symptoms go unnoticed, but symptoms of gonorrhea include:
- Greenish yellow or white vaginal discharge
- Conjunctivitis (pink eye)
- Burning during urination
- Lower abdominal pain/pelvic pain
- Swelling of the vulva
- Bleeding between periods or spotting after intercourse
- Burning in the throat (from oral sex)
- Painful or swollen testicles
- Swollen glands in the throat (from oral sex)
Syphilis is a common bacterial STD that is curable.
Symptoms of syphilis usually occur in stages. Stage 1 and 2 heal on their own after a time, but if left untreated stage 3 can be deadly:
- One or more sores/painless ulcers on genitals or in/around the mouth
- A "copper penny" rash on the soles of the feet and the palms of the hands
- Warts in the groin, mouth, and underarms
- Patches in the mouth that are white
- General fatigue and tiredness, swollen glands
- Severe heart, brain and nerve problems that may lead to paralysis, dementia, blindness, impotence, deafness and/or death.
Trichomoniasis is a treatable STD that is caused by a parasitic protozoan. This STD is a common cause of vaginitis (an irritation of the vulva or vagina).
Typically, trichomoniasis is symptom-less, but can result in the following symptoms:
- Urethral discharge
- Pain and burning when urinating
- Frequent urge to urinate
For a more comprehensive test, try our 10 test panel.
Medically Reviewed by2019-03-13 - Written by HealthLabs Editorial Team.