Hepatitis A, B & C Panel
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About Our Hepatitis A, B & C Panel
Note: Fasting is not required for this test.
This blood test is used to detect whether or not an individual has Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B and/or Hepatitis C by testing for their corresponding antibodies and antigens. There are vaccinations available for Hepatitis A and B.
This Hepatitis panel includes testing for:
- Hepatitis A Virus Antibody, IgM test - This blood test detects hepatitis A antibodies.
- Hepatitis B Virus Surface Antigen (HBsAg) test - Our FDA-approved hepatitis B blood test detects acute hepatitis B infections, and can also be used to help diagnose chronic hepatitis B infections.
- Hepatitis C Virus Antibody test - This blood test detects antibodies to the hepatitis C virus
The recommended minimum window period for hepatitis A, B and C using our test methods, are as follows:
- Hepatitis A Test - 2-7 weeks post potential exposure; the hepatitis A virus averages a 28-day incubation period.
- Hepatitis B Test - 6 weeks post potential exposure; hepatitis B can occasionally be detected as early as 3 weeks post-exposure, however for the most accurate results, we recommend getting tested after 6 weeks.
- Hepatitis C Test - 8-9 weeks post potential exposure.
Hepatitis A Test
Hepatitis A is considered a sexually transmitted disease (STD), but can also be transmitted by close contact with an infected individual or contaminated food. Hepatitis A is a very contagious infection that affects the liver and is preventable by a vaccine.
This test is used for differential diagnosis of hepatitis and searches for the presence of IgM antibodies to the hepatitis A virus.
Symptoms of hepatitis A include:
- Stomach pain/Discomfort
- Low fever
- Joint pain
- Jaundice and dark urine
- Loss of appetite
- Clay-colored stool
People at risk for hepatitis A:
- Live with or are caregivers to someone with hepatitis A
- Have eaten contaminated food or drank contaminated water
- Travel to areas of low/poor sanitation, especially Africa, Asia, Mexico, and Central & South America
- Share needle/drug equipment
- Have had sexual contact with someone who has the virus
- Eat food handled by someone with the virus who doesn't thoroughly wash his or her hands after using the toilet
Hepatitis B Test
Hepatitis B is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) contracted via blood or other bodily fluids. This virus attacks the liver and is preventable by vaccination. Hepatitis B (HBV) can be spread by percutaneous or mucosal exposure to infected blood and various body fluids like saliva, menstrual, vaginal and seminal fluids.
This test detects the Hepatitis B surface Antigen (HBsAg), which is a protein on the surface of the Hepatitis B virus. It is usually the first indication of the Hepatitis B virus and can be detected in high levels during acute and chronic Hepatitis B infections. The presence of HBsAg also indicates that the person is infectious.
More than 90 percent of healthy adults who contract hepatitis B will recover naturally from the virus within the first year.
Sometimes Hepatitis B includes the following symptoms:
- Lethargy/Severe fatigue
- Dark Urine
- Stomach pain
- Liver failure
Hepatitis C Test
Hepatitis C is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) that mainly affects the liver. Hepatitis C (HCV) is spread through contact with blood or bodily fluids from a person infected with the virus. This blood test is used to detect the presence of hepatitis C antibodies, to determine whether or not an individual may have been exposed to Hepatitis C.
Often there are no or few symptoms that arise with hepatitis C.
Symptoms that may occur with hepatitis C are:
- Jaundice (yellowing of the eyes, skin and darkening of urine)
- Abdominal pain
- Loss of appetite
Those at risk of getting hepatitis C are:
- Drug users who share needles/equipment
- Persons with HIV
- Babies who are born to mothers with hepatitis C
- Individuals who received blood/organs from donors before July of 1992
- Individuals born between 1945-1965
Avoid infection by:
- Not sharing needles/drug equipment
- Using condoms during sex
- Being cautious when getting tattoos or body piercings (be sure equipment has no one else's blood on it)
- Not sharing razors/razor blades
Check out our other STD Tests
Go back to see all our STD tests or check out some of these common ones:
- Comprehensive STD Panel
- Ultimate STD Test Panel
- HIV 4th Generation Duo Antigen/Antibody Test
- HIV RNA Test
- Syphilis, RPR Test
- Trichomoniasis Test
Medically Reviewed by2019-03-11 - Written by HealthLabs Editorial Team.