Hepatitis A, B & C Test Panel
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About Our Hepatitis A, B & C Test Panel
Note: Fasting is not required for this test.
This blood test is used to detect whether or not an individual has Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B and/or Hepatitis C by testing for their corresponding antibodies and antigens. There are vaccinations available for Hepatitis A and B.
This Hepatitis panel includes testing for:
- Hepatitis A Virus (HAV) Antibody, IgM
- Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) Surface Antigen
- Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) Antibody
Hepatitis A is considered a sexually transmitted disease (STD), but can also be transmitted by close contact with an infected individual or contaminated food. Hepatitis A is a very contagious infection that affects the liver that is preventable by a vaccine.
This test is used for differential diagnosis of hepatitis and searches for the presence of IgM antibody to hepatitis A virus.
Symptoms of hepatitis A include:
- Stomach pain/Discomfort
- Low fever
- Joint pain
- Jaundice and dark urine
- Loss of appetite
- Clay-colored stool
People at risk for hepatitis A:
- Live with or are caregivers to someone with hepatitis A
- Have eaten contaminated food or drank contaminated water
- Travel to areas of low/poor sanitation, especially Mexico and South & Central Asia
- Share needle/drug equipment
- Have had sexual contact with someone who has the virus
- Eat food handled by someone with the virus who doesn't thoroughly wash his or her hands after using the toilet
Hepatitis B is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) contracted via blood or other bodily fluids. This virus attacks the liver and is preventable by vaccination. Hepatitis B (HBV) can be spread by percutaneous or mucosal exposure to infected blood and various body fluids like saliva, menstrual, vaginal and seminal fluids.
This test detects the IgM antibody to hepatitis B core antigen, which is a reliable marker for acute disease for a hepatitis B viral infection. At times, this marker is the only one demonstrated for the diagnosis of a hepatitis B viral infection.
More than 90 percent of healthy adults who contract hepatitis B virus will recover naturally from the virus within the first year.
Sometimes Hepatitis B includes the following symptoms:
- Lethargy/Severe fatigue
- Dark Urine
- Stomach pain
- Liver failure
- Liver cancer
Hepatitis C is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) that mainly affects the liver. Hepatitis C (HCV) is spread by contact with blood or bodily fluids from a person infected with the virus. This test is used to determine whether or not an individual has been immunized for HCV and therefore has antibodies to the virus.
Often there are no or few symptoms that arise with hepatitis C.
Symptoms that may occur with hepatitis C are:
- Jaundice (yellowing of the eyes, skin and darkening of urine)
- Abdominal pain
- Loss of appetite
Those at risk of getting hepatitis C are:
- Drug users who share needles/equipment
- Persons with HIV
- Babies who are born to mothers with hepatitis C
- Individuals who received blood/organs from donors before July of 1992
- Individuals born between 1945-1965
Avoid infection by:
- Not sharing needles/drug equipment
- Using condoms during sex
- Being cautious when getting tattoos or body piercings (be sure equipment has no one else's blood on it)
- Not sharing razors/razor blades