Basic Heart Health Test Panel
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About Our Basic Heart Health Test Panel
Our Basic Heart Health screening is used as a test for overall general health and cardiovascular health. This test panel is especially helpful for individuals with a risk for heart attack or heart disease.
The Standard Heart Health screening includes:
- Lipid Panel
- Comprehensive Metabolic Panel (CMP)
- Routine Urinalysis
- Complete Blood Count (CBC) With Differential
- C-Reactive Protein (CRP) with High Sensitivity (Cardiac Risk Assessment)
The Lipid Panel is used to measure overall cholesterol levels in the body. Lipids are various forms of fat in the body and include cholesterol types. Higher levels of low-density lipoprotein (LDL, also known as "bad cholesterol") are associated with increased risk of heart attack.
LDL helps cause atherosclerosis, a hardening of the veins that leads to plaque build-up and heart attacks. This lipid panel measures levels of:
- Total Cholesterol
- HDL - "Good Cholesterol"
- LDL - "Bad Cholesterol"
The Comprehensive Metabolic Panel (CMP) measures blood sugar (glucose) levels, electrolyte and fluid balance, kidney function, and liver function.
The 14 measurements included in the CMP help to provide a look at the overall health of the body and its metabolism and chemical balance, and can help diagnose certain conditions like diabetes, kidney disease, liver disease and hypertension. The CMP aids in determining how the liver and kidneys are functioning and where glucose, calcium, protein, sodium, potassium, and chloride levels stand.
The CMP blood test measures levels of Albumin, Blood urea nitrogen (BUN), Calcium, Carbon dioxide (Bicarbonate), Chloride, Creatinine, Glucose, Potassium, Sodium, Total Bilirubin and Protein, and Liver Enzymes: Alanine aminotransferase (ALT), Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and Aspartate aminotransferase (AST).
Our Urinalysis with macro and microscopic examination is a 12-panel test that examines a urine sample and analyzes levels of nitrate, protein, glucose, occult blood, ketones, and many other elements. The urine sample's color, appearance, specific gravity, pH, protein, glucose, ketones, occult blood, leukocyte esterase, nitrite, bilirubin, and urobilinogen are evaluated.
A urinalysis is important in accessing the chemical constituents in the urine and the relationship to various disease states. Microscopic examination helps to detect the presence of abnormal urine cells and formed elements. A urinalysis can detect abnormalities of urine; help diagnose and manage renal diseases, urinary tract infection, urinary tract neoplasms, systemic diseases, and inflammatory or neoplastic diseases adjacent to the urinary tract.
The Complete Blood Count (CBC) with differential and platelets test helps to give an overall view of general health and screens for a broad scope of diseases and conditions. This test includes testing for 10 kinds of cells and cell molecules in the blood:
- Hematocrit - The amount of red blood cells in the blood.
- Hemoglobin - A protein that transports oxygen or carbon dioxide in the blood.
- Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV) - Measures the average volume of red blood cells in the blood.
- Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin (MCH) - The amount of hemoglobin per red blood cell.
- Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration (MCHC) - The amount of hemoglobin concentrated in a given volume of red blood cells.
- Red Cell Distribution Width (RDW) - Measures the difference of red blood cell size or volume in blood sample.
- Percentage and Absolute Differential Counts - Measures the amounts of different white blood cell types within the blood.
- Platelet Count - Measures the amount of platelets (fragments and particles of cells) in the blood that are crucial for blood clotting.
- Red Blood Cell Count (RBC) - Measures the amounts of red blood cells in the blood. Red blood cells transport oxygen throughout the body.
- White Blood Cell Count (WBC) - Measures the amount of white blood cells in the blood. White blood cells defend the body against infections and foreign bodies.
The C-Reactive Protein (CRP) High Sensitivity test is used to assess heart attack and/or stroke risk in individuals. CRP is a protein created by the liver. Increased C-reactive protein (CRP) levels are found in inflammatory conditions including and this high sensitivity version of the CRP test detects these protein levels at a greater sense than the standard CRP test. The correlation between c-reactive protein levels and heart health provides insight into an individual's stroke and heart attack risk despite normal or average cholesterol levels.
Since this panel includes the lipid panel, patients should fast 9-12 hours prior to collection.